Mulch in the Garden

Andolina Materials

What’s Mulch?

Mulch can be organic (Wood Mulch and straw) or inorganic (“Gravel and pebbles, etc.

  • Types of Inorganic Mulch include Gravel, Pebbles and recycled aggregate.
  • There are many types of organic Mulch: Pine Chip, Pine Bark and Forest/Leaf litter. Straw, lucerne.

Inorganic Mulch

Inorganic mulches can be used as decoration. They are easy to use around garden beds because they can be accessed through the plants. They are very low in nutrients and do not need to be topped up as often as organic mulch. To keep gravel/pebbles looking their best, they will need to be raked regularly to remove leaves. Blue metals/crusher dusts are good mulches for alkaline soil-loving plants, as they are alkaline rock and slowly leach it into the soil.

Organic Mulch

Organic mulch Charlotte NC can be made from leaves, twigs, bark, straw, or other organic materials. It is a great addition to your garden and can be broken down into smaller pieces. To provide the following benefits, organic mulch is applied as a layer to your garden beds:

  • Maintain even soil temperatures
  • Reducing evaporation will save you water
  • Reduces weed growth
  • Reduces soil compaction
  • Increase soil microbial activity
  • Slower release of nutrients (less use of chemical fertilizers).

How to Use Mulch

Garden Beds

Remove all weeds and other debris from your garden bed. Turn the soil over and remove any accumulated material. Sprinkle the soil around your plant instead of spraying it with a wide-spread spray. This encourages root growth and makes plants healthier. Sprinkle some compost all around the plant. Mulch should be applied up to 75mm thick. Mulch should not be placed against the stem or trunk of the plant as it can cause disease like trunk / root Rot.

Sheet Mulching

This prepares the area for planting. For a week or so, you will need to cover the area in thick newspaper. You will need to hold the paper in place using bricks/rocks, etc. Remove the cover and dead weeds after two weeks. Make sure to dig holes large enough for the plants you are installing and then plant them in a thick composted area. To cover the entire area, add a 75mm thick layer of mulch. Mulch will help plants to grow until the mulch begins to decompose and provide nutrients for the soil. Mulch can be laid over the paper, and left in place until it breaks down. To water the soil around the plants, it is better to use water than to spray the whole area. This encourages root growth and makes the plants healthier.

What kind of mulch should I use?

Different types of mulch can have different effects on your garden.

Pine Chip Mulch/ Wood Chip

The mulch is generally made from wood chips from branches that have been chipped through a chipper. It’s usually a light brownish colour. The mulch is slow to decompose and soil conditioners or compost must be applied to the soil. There are very few nutrient benefits from it initially. When it starts to break down, it will eventually give you some nutrients. It helps to keep your garden neat and tidy. It should be replaced every two years.

Pine Bark Mulch

The mulch is usually made from chipped tree bark, which is typically pine trees. It’s dark brown in colour and can be used as mulch. The mulch is slow to decompose and soil conditioners or compost must be used to improve the soil’s nutrient content. When it starts to fall apart, it will eventually release some nutrients. It helps to keep your garden neat and tidy. It should be replaced every two years.

Leaf litter Mulch / Forest mulch

The mulch usually contains a mixture of both the leaves and the other ingredients. This mulch is basically the entire tree, and it is usually a dark to medium-colored mulch. Because the mulch has limited nutritional benefits, it is usually easier to break down. When it starts to break down, it will eventually give you some nutrients. This mulch is useful in keeping your garden neat and tidy. Although it needs to be replaced every year, it is typically half the cost of the previous two. It makes a great mulch for native gardens.

Hay, Straw, and lucerne Mulch

They are usually purchased in bales. Because they are high in nutrients, you will need to replace them every three to six month. This repels slips and is great for vegetable gardens.

Andolina Materials
4300 Indian Trail Fairview Rd, Indian Trail, NC, 28079, United States
(704) 882- 1610

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